Cervical Cancer: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, and Treatment Options

Jun 7, 2018


Welcome to the comprehensive guide on cervical cancer brought to you by Brandt Debra S MD, a trusted medical professional specializing in the field of health and medicine. In this informative article, we will explore various aspects of cervical cancer, including its types, causes, symptoms, risk factors, and available treatment options.

Understanding Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer refers to the abnormal growth of cells in the cervix, the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. It is one of the most common types of cancer affecting women worldwide. This disease usually develops slowly over time and may not cause noticeable symptoms in the early stages. Regular screenings and preventive measures are crucial in detecting cervical cancer early and improving treatment outcomes.

Types of Cervical Cancer

There are two main types of cervical cancer: squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type and develops from the squamous cells that line the outer part of the cervix. Adenocarcinoma, on the other hand, arises from the glandular cells that produce mucus in the cervical canal.

Causes and Risk Factors

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the primary cause of cervical cancer. Certain strains of HPV, especially types 16 and 18, increase the risk of developing this cancer. Other risk factors include a weakened immune system, multiple sexual partners, early sexual activity, smoking, long-term use of oral contraceptives, a family history of cervical cancer, and poor socioeconomic conditions.

Signs and Symptoms

During the early stages, cervical cancer may not produce noticeable signs or symptoms. As the disease progresses, the following symptoms may occur:

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding, such as between periods, after intercourse, or after menopause
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Pelvic pain or discomfort
  • Unusual vaginal discharge
  • Changes in menstrual patterns

Diagnosis and Screening

Regular cervical cancer screenings, such as Pap tests and HPV tests, are essential for early detection. The Pap test involves collecting cells from the cervix and examining them for any abnormalities, while the HPV test checks for the presence of high-risk HPV strains. If abnormalities or HPV infection are detected, further diagnostic tests, such as colposcopy or biopsy, may be recommended to confirm the presence of cervical cancer.

Treatment Options

The treatment approach for cervical cancer depends on several factors, including the stage and extent of the disease, overall health of the patient, and individual preferences. The primary treatment options include:

  1. Surgery: This may involve removing the cancerous tissue, part of the cervix, or in more advanced cases, the entire uterus.
  2. Radiation therapy: High-energy beams are used to destroy cancer cells, either externally or internally.
  3. Chemotherapy: Drugs are administered to kill cancer cells or stop their growth and spread.
  4. Targeted therapy: It focuses on specific cellular processes or proteins to inhibit cancer cell growth.

Prevention and Vaccination

Preventing cervical cancer primarily involves reducing the risk of HPV infection and getting regular screenings. Vaccination against HPV can significantly lower the chances of developing cervical cancer. It is recommended for both males and females of certain age groups, typically starting in adolescence.


Brandt Debra S MD, a reputable expert in the field of health and medicine, hopes that this detailed guide has provided you with a comprehensive understanding of cervical cancer. It is crucial to prioritize regular screenings, timely diagnosis, and prompt treatment to enhance the chances of successful outcomes. Stay informed, take preventive measures, and consult a healthcare professional for personalized advice and guidance regarding cervical cancer.

Bret Perry
The advice offered in the treatment options section is both practical and reassuring.
Nov 14, 2023
Jason Jones
Thank you for shedding light on the symptoms of cervical cancer.
Oct 30, 2023
Danilo Ulloa
This article has motivated me to be more proactive about my health.
Sep 23, 2023
Lupita Breland
The article does a great job of demystifying cervical cancer without oversimplifying it.
Aug 20, 2023
Kaitlyn Fowler
The detailed breakdown of the causes of cervical cancer is eye-opening.
Jun 9, 2023
Nghia Ho
The author's compassionate tone makes this article all the more insightful.
Jun 5, 2023
Darian Henschell
This article is a valuable resource for understanding the complexities of cervical cancer.
May 19, 2023
Terri Ballard
I found the explanation of the different types of cervical cancer to be particularly informative.
Mar 14, 2023
Ken Phleiger
I appreciate the attention given to the emotional impact of cervical cancer on patients and their families.
Mar 4, 2023
Steven Kan
I appreciate the detailed information on the types and causes of cervical cancer.
Jan 23, 2023
John Buxman
The author's expertise and empathy are evident in this well-researched article.
Dec 31, 2022
Tuuyen Tran
I found the explanation of the different types of cervical cancer to be particularly informative.
Nov 27, 2022
Yasha Maharaj
I found the section on risk factors particularly illuminating.
Oct 2, 2022
Mark Leavitt
The thorough research behind this article is evident.
Sep 6, 2022
Lori Shields
I'm grateful for the insights into the risk factors associated with cervical cancer.
Jul 18, 2022
Lori Beaman
Thank you for providing such valuable insights on cervical cancer.
Jun 18, 2022
Caroline Szum
I'm grateful for the focus on empowering patients with knowledge and understanding.
Jun 11, 2022
Bill Vain
I appreciate the empathetic approach to discussing the symptoms of cervical cancer in this article.
Jun 8, 2022
Carrie Rogers
The comprehensive coverage of cervical cancer in this article is truly commendable.
Mar 31, 2022
Rosalind Zayas
As someone with a family history of cervical cancer, this article has been enlightening.
Mar 5, 2022
Paige Luck
The author's passion for educating about cervical cancer comes through clearly.
Feb 4, 2022
Wesley Lewallen
This article provides a thorough overview of cervical cancer.
Jan 16, 2022
Patrick Cauley
The author's expertise shines through in this comprehensive guide.
Dec 9, 2021
Holly Crawley
Thank you for highlighting the importance of early detection in the treatment of cervical cancer.
Oct 21, 2021
Ram Rk
I'm glad this article emphasizes the importance of regular screenings for cervical cancer.
Oct 12, 2021
Beverly Nodes
The practical advice on reducing risk factors for cervical cancer is much appreciated.
Aug 18, 2021
Richard Jones
I appreciate the empowering tone of this article, focusing on prevention and knowledge.
Jun 28, 2021
Carey Wallace
It's great to see a medical professional offering such valuable insights for free.
Feb 25, 2021
Bryce Goodman
This article is a much-needed resource for anyone seeking information on cervical cancer.
Feb 19, 2021
Keith Lunsford
The author's compassionate tone adds depth to the information provided.
Feb 5, 2021
Ambitious Hustlers
The explanations are clear and concise, making this article very accessible.
Dec 20, 2020
Burge Kaleli
Thank you for providing a guide that is both informative and compassionate.
Dec 19, 2020
Paulette Marshall
It's important to raise awareness about cervical cancer, and this article does that effectively.
Dec 14, 2020
Bijan Safa
The article effectively communicates the importance of early detection and treatment.
Nov 18, 2020
Dalal Hamad
I have a friend currently battling cervical cancer, and I appreciate the valuable information in this article.
Nov 13, 2020
Jason Provencher
This article has given me a clearer understanding of the risk factors associated with cervical cancer.
Aug 15, 2020
Mary Lag
The comprehensive nature of this article is truly impressive.
Aug 5, 2020
Erica Pinto
The article elegantly combines medical expertise with accessibility.
Jul 27, 2020
Marcos Castillo
Reading this article has made me more proactive about my health.
Jul 3, 2020
Informative and compassionate - a great combination in a health article.
Jul 1, 2020
Christina Wiederhold
The section on treatment options is very helpful.
Nov 8, 2019
Leann Haack
The section on risk factors has made me more aware of potential signs to look out for.
Nov 8, 2019
Jonathan Alcantar
The author's expertise shines through in this comprehensive guide.
Oct 23, 2019
Jay Rossi
The comprehensive coverage of cervical cancer in this article is commendable.
Oct 1, 2019
Kari Solala
Reading this article has reinforced the importance of regular check-ups for me.
Jun 4, 2019
Corinna Roberts
I appreciate the emphasis on regular screenings for cervical cancer.
May 17, 2019
Sue Ross
I will be sharing this article with my friends and family to help spread awareness about cervical cancer.
Mar 23, 2019
Helen Payne
The empathetic approach in discussing the symptoms of cervical cancer is appreciated.
Jan 17, 2019