Renal Cancer: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Oct 20, 2019

Welcome to Brandt Debra S MD, your trusted source for comprehensive information on renal cancer. Our goal is to provide you with detailed insights into the different aspects of renal cancer, including types, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment options, and prevention. With Dr. Brandt Debra's expertise in the field of Health - Medicine, we aim to deliver top-notch medical advice and assistance pertaining to renal cancer.

Understanding Renal Cancer

Renal cancer, also known as kidney cancer, is a type of cancer that originates in the kidneys. This condition occurs when normal cells in the kidney undergo genetic mutations, leading to an uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells. Understanding the types, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for renal cancer is crucial to ensure early detection and effective management of the disease.

Types of Renal Cancer

Renal cancer can be classified into several types, including:

  • Renal cell carcinoma (RCC): This is the most common type of renal cancer, accounting for approximately 90% of cases. RCC can further be categorized into subtypes such as clear cell renal cell carcinoma, papillary renal cell carcinoma, chromophobe renal cell carcinoma, and more.
  • Transitional cell carcinoma: This type of renal cancer begins in the renal pelvis, which is the area where the kidney connects to the ureter.
  • Wilms tumor: Renal cancer can also affect children, with Wilms tumor being the most common form of kidney cancer in pediatric patients.

Causes and Risk Factors

The exact causes of renal cancer are not yet fully understood. However, several risk factors have been identified, including:

  • Smoking: Cigarette smoking has been strongly linked to an increased risk of developing renal cancer.
  • Obesity: Being overweight or obese can also contribute to the development of renal cancer.
  • High blood pressure: Chronic high blood pressure may increase the risk of kidney cancer.
  • Heredity: In some cases, renal cancer may run in families, indicating a genetic predisposition.
  • Environmental exposure: Certain workplace exposures to substances such as asbestos, cadmium, and organic solvents may heighten the risk.

Symptoms and Detection

The early stages of renal cancer often do not present noticeable symptoms. However, as the disease progresses, common symptoms may include:

  • Blood in the urine (hematuria)
  • Persistent back pain, particularly below the ribs
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue and general weakness
  • Intermittent fever
  • Swelling of the ankles and legs
  • A palpable mass or lump in the abdomen

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is essential to consult a medical professional for proper diagnosis. Early detection of renal cancer greatly increases the chances of successful treatment. Diagnostic tests commonly used to detect renal cancer include imaging studies (such as CT scans or MRIs), urine tests, and a biopsy if necessary.

Treatment Options

The appropriate treatment for renal cancer depends on several factors, including the stage and extent of the disease, overall health, and personal preferences. Treatment options may include:

  • Surgery: Surgical removal of the affected kidney (partial nephrectomy or radical nephrectomy) is often the primary treatment for renal cancer.
  • Targeted therapy: Medications that target specific abnormalities within cancer cells can be used to inhibit their growth and spread.
  • Immunotherapy: These treatments aim to stimulate the body's immune system to fight cancer cells.
  • Radiation therapy: High-energy radiation is utilized to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors.
  • Chemotherapy: Although typically not as effective as in other types of cancer, chemotherapy may be used in certain cases.

Prevention and Risk Reduction

While there is no foolproof way to prevent renal cancer, certain lifestyle choices and risk reduction strategies may help minimize the risk. These include:

  • Avoiding tobacco use and quitting smoking
  • Maintaining a healthy weight through regular physical activity and a balanced diet
  • Managing high blood pressure and other underlying medical conditions
  • Limiting exposure to harmful substances in the workplace
  • Undergoing regular screenings and check-ups to detect any abnormalities early on


In conclusion, renal cancer is a complex condition that requires in-depth knowledge and expertise to effectively manage. Brandt Debra S MD is dedicated to providing you with the most relevant and up-to-date information on renal cancer. Our expert advice, comprehensive insights, and quality medical assistance in the field of Health - Medicine aim to empower you with the necessary tools to tackle renal cancer head-on. Remember, early detection and timely intervention can make a significant difference in the outcome. Stay informed, stay proactive, and prioritize your health.

Gabe Ck
Very informative and helpful article, thank you for sharing!
Nov 8, 2023
Hamilton Steele
I appreciate how the article addresses not only the symptoms but also the diagnosis of renal cancer.
Sep 11, 2023
The detailed breakdown of renal cancer is much appreciated. Thank you.
Aug 30, 2023
Oliver Southworth
The information here is presented in a way that's easy to understand and absorb.
Jun 9, 2023
Jeff Weeks
This article is an excellent reference for learning about renal cancer.
Feb 28, 2023
Todd Gillingham
The included information on treatment options is especially helpful. Thank you.
Feb 7, 2023
Stephen Hinton
This article is a valuable resource for anyone seeking information on renal cancer.
Jan 13, 2023
Kristel Fritz
I'm glad to have stumbled upon this informative piece on renal cancer.
Oct 29, 2022
Judy Crocker
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Oct 2, 2022
Bjorn Martensson
The depth of information in this article is impressive and much appreciated.
Sep 7, 2022
Pino Leone
This article is a great starting point for those wanting to understand renal cancer better.
Sep 6, 2022
Lewis Decicco
The article effectively presents a range of treatment options for renal cancer. Helpful!
Aug 11, 2022
Kevin Cameron
I found the discussion about prevention strategies for renal cancer quite helpful.
Aug 10, 2022
Ken Larrabee
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Jul 18, 2022
Prem Rathore
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May 27, 2022
Carissa Flores
A clear and concise overview of renal cancer. Useful for anyone seeking information.
May 24, 2022
Max Thomason
I appreciate the effort that went into addressing various aspects of renal cancer.
Feb 22, 2022
The article offers a nuanced exploration of the various types of renal cancer. Well done.
Feb 4, 2022
Aaron Gertje
I appreciate the comprehensive coverage of renal cancer in this article.
Jan 13, 2022
Adam Shumway
I appreciate the effort put into providing a comprehensive guide to renal cancer.
Dec 20, 2021
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I'd recommend this article to anyone looking to learn more about renal cancer.
Nov 6, 2021
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Sep 5, 2021
Ann Mabry
The information here has certainly deepened my understanding of renal cancer.
Jul 11, 2021
Pete Koulianos
The article does an excellent job of breaking down the causes and symptoms of renal cancer.
Jul 10, 2021
Jeremy Palm
I'm impressed with the deep dive into renal cancer in this article. Well done!
Jun 17, 2021
Franck Mirande
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May 30, 2021
Keith Hartman
Kudos to the author for compiling such an extensive guide to renal cancer.
Mar 23, 2021
Nick Bhatia
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Feb 17, 2021
S Estes
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Feb 14, 2021
Michael Rowe
The information provided here is thorough and helpful. Thanks for sharing.
Feb 7, 2021
Chang Choe
Great overview of renal cancer! Very informative.
Jan 31, 2021
Mike O'Reilly
The article effectively covers the different aspects of renal cancer. Well done!
Nov 12, 2020
Nick Vendetti
Well-written and insightful. Thank you for shedding light on this topic.
Sep 11, 2020
Clayton Williams
Thank you for equipping readers with crucial insights into renal cancer.
Aug 2, 2020
Roy Yamamoto
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Jul 18, 2020
Deepak Uk
I'm grateful for the insights provided in this article on renal cancer.
May 13, 2020
Rosa Castro
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May 10, 2020
Joe Kinder
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Apr 30, 2020
Armend Murati
The informative content here serves as a valuable resource for renal cancer awareness.
Apr 20, 2020
Shannon French
The article covers essential aspects of renal cancer in a clear and organized manner.
Mar 29, 2020
Shawn Vigneri
Well-written and informative. A valuable resource for learning about renal cancer.
Dec 25, 2019
Radhika Pabari
Thanks for highlighting the types, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of renal cancer.
Nov 24, 2019